Eye diseases are any of the conditions that damage the eyes in humans. It is a condition that impacts the retina, macula, choroid, conjunctiva, optic nerve, lens, cornea, iris, pupil, optic nerve, conjunctiva, and vitreous.
Types of Eye Diseases
Below are the various eye diseases prevalent in Nigeria and beyond;
This one is well known to anyone who spends a lot of time reading, using a computer, or traveling long distances. When you use your eyes excessively, it occurs. Like any other part of your body, they grow fatigued and need to rest.
Give your eyes a break if they are feeling tired. After a few days, if they’re still fatigued, consult your doctor to be sure there isn’t another issue.
Blood vessels that cover their surface enlarge when they get inflamed or diseased. Your eyes appear red as a result of that.
Eyestrain, a late night, a lack of sleep or allergies can all cause it. Check with your doctor if an injury is the root of the problem.
Does nighttime vision provide a challenge, especially while driving? Is it difficult to navigate dimly lit spaces, such as movie theaters?
Night blindness is what that sounds like. It’s a symptom, not a standalone issue. A type of night blindness that doctors can treat is brought on by nearsightedness, cataracts, keratoconus, and a deficiency in vitamin A.
Some people are born with this issue, and it can also result from a retinal degenerative condition that is typically incurable. If you have it, you must exercise particular caution in dimly lit areas.
Amblyopia, often known as lazy eye, develops when one eye is not correctly formed. That eye has poorer vision and moves more “lazily” than the other while remaining still. Infants, kids, and adults can develop it, but seldom do both eyes. Infants and youngsters need to get treatment right away.
If a lazy eye is identified and corrected during the early stages of childhood, lifelong vision issues can be prevented. In addition to applying a patch or other methods to force a child to utilize their lazy eye, treatment options include corrective glasses or contact lenses.
You might be colorblind if you have trouble seeing some hues or distinguishing between them (often reds and greens). It takes place when the cone cells, or color cells, in your eye are damaged or nonexistent.
You can only see in grayscale when it’s the worst, but this rarely happens. Most individuals who have it are born with it, but some drugs and illnesses might also cause you to acquire it later in life. You can learn the cause from your doctor. Compared to women, men are far more likely to be born with it.
These grow in the eye lens as foggy spots.
Like a camera’s, a healthy lens is transparent. It allows light to reach your retina, the part of your eye at the rear where images are processed. A cataract makes it harder for light to pass through. As a result, your vision is impaired, and you can see nighttime glare or a halo around lights.
Cataracts often develop gradually. They do not result in symptoms such eye pain, redness, or tearing.
Some remain little and have no impact on your vision. Surgery can nearly always restore your vision if they advance and do so.
This condition causes inflammation of the tissue that lines the sclera and the rear of your eyelids. It might result in redness, tears, discharge, itching, burning, or the sensation that something is in your eye.
All ages can purchase it. Infections, contact with irritants and chemicals, or allergies are some of the causes.
Wash your hands frequently to reduce your risk of contracting it.
Like a tire, your eye has some safe and typical pressure inside of it. However, excessive doses can harm your visual nerve. The term “glaucoma” refers to a set of illnesses that induce this condition.
Primary open angle glaucoma is a typical kind. Most patients don’t experience any early signs of illness or suffering. Therefore, it’s crucial to maintain your monthly eye checkups.
Although it doesn’t happen often, glaucoma can be brought on by: • An eye injury; • Blocked blood vessels
• Eye inflammatory conditions
Surgery or prescription eye drops are used as treatments.
An imbalance in the placement of the two eyes is referred to as strabismus. The eyes may cross inside (esotropia) or turn outward due to strabismus (exotropia). An imbalance in eye coordination leads to strabismus. As a result, the eyes do not focus on a single object at the same time and instead look in several directions. The cause of this eye diseases in children is typically not known.
The issue is present at birth or shortly thereafter in more than half of these situations (congenital strabismus). The brain may learn to disregard the input from one eye, resulting in permanent vision loss in that eye, and when the two eyes are unable to focus on the same image, there is diminished or missing depth perception (one type of amblyopia).