How to Recognize Eye Diseases in Children

children eye diseases

In order to make sure that children’s eyes are growing appropriately, eye professionals advise having youngsters receive their first thorough eye exam as early as six months of age. It is advised to take your child for an eye checkup again between the ages of 3-5 and then one more before they start first grade after this initial visit to checkmate children eye diseases.

Annual eye exams are essential as your child gets older to make sure their eyes continue to develop normally and to spot any abnormalities in vision or ocular health.

Conjunctivitis acute

About 1 in 8 children experience this severe form of pink eye, also known as pediatric intermittent bacterial conjunctivitis, each year. Preschoolers, toddlers, and newborns are typically affected by acute conjunctivitis (Russel, 2020).

When a child has this extremely contagious infection, they may suffer redness, itching, and ocular discharge, typically in both eyes. Dr. Russel posited 39% of kids also have a serious ear infection in addition to these eye symptoms (Russel, 2020).

In extreme situations, both oral and topical antibiotic medications are used as treatment.

Pediatric Cataract

An opacification or cloudiness of the ordinarily clear lens of the eye is known as a cataract. The cataract’s size and placement might affect how much light reaches the retina, which can result in blurry vision.

Although cataracts are frequently associated with older persons, they can sometimes develop during birth or in infancy. In order to restore normal visual development in infants and young children, the early detection and treatment of cataracts are essential. A cataract may be indicated by a white spot in the pupil and an alignment issue with the eye.

Surgery is necessary for pediatric cataracts that seriously impair vision. Patients then need to be treated with eye patches, glasses, bifocals, or contact lenses. Pediatric cataracts frequently cause some degree of amblyopia (lazy eye) and strabismus as well.

Pediatric Glaucoma

A disorder known as glaucoma is characterized by elevated pressure inside the eye. Congenital and pediatric glaucoma is a rare condition that presents in 2.3 in 100,000 newborns and children (Russel, 2020).

This pressure has the potential to harm the optic nerve, which is essential for vision, leading to irreversible vision loss. A uncommon disorder called pediatric glaucoma can develop in a baby or toddler. Pediatric glaucoma is characterized by clouded corneas, tears, frequent blinking, light sensitivity, and eye redness.

Astigmatism-Farsightedness-Nearsightedness

These three issues, also known as refractive errors, are the most frequent Children eye diseases in both children and adults and are typically brought on by irregularities in the surface of the eye that interfere with light’s ability to concentrate properly on the retina.

Amblyopia (Lazy Eye)

Amblyopia, or lazy eye, is a disorder in which one or both eyes fail to develop normal vision as a result of different conditions that render the visual section of the brain dysfunctional. This weakens the eye and may cause vision issues in the long run. Amblyopia usually responds well to treatment if it is identified early. Amblyopia treatment can include glasses, repairing, eye drops, and sometimes surgery.

Vision correction procedures like contact lenses and glasses aren’t successful since the condition is neurologic and not physical.

Concluding thoughts

Ocular growth starts while a child is still in the womb and continues into adolescence. The first six years of a child’s life are crucial for the development of healthy vision. This time is considered a “vulnerable period” because it is a time when children are most sensitive to detrimental eyesight alterations. Click to know more about eye diseases!

Many sight-threatening vision disorders can begin as a result of an eye disease or trauma to the eye that occur in the first six years of a child’s life. Here are the top ways to protect your eyes.

References

Russel, L. (2020) ‘A Guide to Children’s Eye Diseases’ Available at: A Guide to Children’s Eye Diseases – Optometrists.org (Accessed 7 September, 2022)

Russel, L. (2021) ‘A Guide to Children’s Eye Diseases’ Available at: Top 5 Pediatric Eye Emergencies – Optometrists.org (Accessed 7 September, 2022)

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